When I first had a Microsoft Windows personal computer I put it on a computer desk in the lounge and bought a typical office chair with five castors. Over the next few years wheeling that chair around the desk area with my weight on it seriously damaged the carpet in that location. So I had to find a way to prevent office chair castors damaging carpets. See this discussion on the subject.
The damage is done when the weight on the castors pushes the carpet down into the underlay to form the shape of an inverted dome. These deforations permanently stretch the carpet in small areas and are made by all types of furniture with legs and castors.
When the furniture is not moved about this deformation is often tolerated. Some people use castor cups to try and spread the load over a larger area to prevent the deformation.
When heavy furniture on castors is moved about the carpet gets stretched in front of the rolling castor. Continual rolling in the same location stretches a large are of the carpet and pulls at the adhesive holding the upper layer to the backing until the two part company. The picture below shows a castor stretching an are of carpet due to the weight pressing down on it:
Different types of damage are done to different types of carpet. The damage is most noticeable on carpets which have a lightweight weave and pile and are then stuck to a fabric backing with something like a latex solution. The stretching caused by castor weight and movement breaks the upper woven part of the carpet which holds the pile away from the stronger backing. The carpet is then in two separated layers in the damaged area. The top layer with the pile is more easily stretched than the backing and becomes larger in area, where it is damaged. Wrinkles then form as the only way for this larger surface area to fit in the original area on the floor.
How I Prevented My Office Chair Castors Damaging Carpets
Because my computer desk was in the lounge and my chair caused damage to the lounge carpet – a room which must look presentable to visitors – I had to find a way to prevent office chair castors damaging carpets so I could use it when the carpet was replaced. At the same time I needed that area to look as if it were carpeted like the rest of the room.
“Although my featured image looks like Chrismas you will see, if you look carefully, my office chair standing on a mat. Unfortunately I never took specific photos of the mat. This is the best I have.” — HC
I needed to protect the main carpet from any stretching by preventing the castors from coming directly in contact with it. That was resolved by putting a board over it that was about 1.2m square. I used hardboard approximately 3mm thick. Plywood may have also been suitable but would probably have been 6mm thick (too thick in my opinion).
The rigidity of the hardboard worked to spread the weight of the castors over a much larger area of the carpet, so preventing them from sinking in to it and stretching it. However having a sheet of hardboard spread over some of the lounge carpet doesn’t look very good. So I covered it with a mat made from an offcut of the same carpet.
I reasoned that because the mat would be laid directly on top of the hardboard, which would not give under the weight of the castors pressing down, it would stay flat and not get stretched. It might get a bit squashed but not stretched to the point where it would be seriously damaged. My experience proved this concept correct.
The Detail Of The Mat Construction
The diagram below shows my mat with a section of the carpet cut away to reveal the hardboard underneath.
In my particular case I found I had two pieces of hardboard which, when put side by side were the correct size for my needs. So I taped them together on the smooth side with double sided carpet tape.
For my overlaying mat I used an offcut from the lounge carpet so that it wasn’t too noticeable. I had it bound around the edge at a local carpet shop. (Binding a mat stops it from fraying at the edge and often results in the mat having rounded corners.) I then stuck the mat to the smooth side of the hardboard with more strips of double sided carpet tape. I put the tape all around the edge and added a couple of strips going from one edge to the other so that the tape divided the hardboard into four equal parts. I arranged that the mat overlapped the hardboard by 2 inches on all sides so that the hardboard was never noticed. To do this either the hardboard has to be cut about 2 inches (50mm) smaller than an existing mat or the mat made 2 inches (50mm) larger than exisitng hardboard.
This mat lasted for several years. The only issue which became a problem was where the mat came into contact with the castors on the desk drawer units at either side of the sitting position. The mat would move along the existing carpet towards the desk and to the right. I had to keep realigning it. Mats on top of carpets tend to do this according to the way forces on it are applied and according to the way the carpet pile wants to bend over with weight on it. The mat would curl up until the hardboard came into contact with the castors. Over time the hardboard got chewed up at the edges by the drawer unit castors and would have required replacing. I didn’t have to replace it because I moved my computer desk to a spare bedroom where carpet protection was not required. So at that point I disposed of the mat.
I can say that when the desk and mat were removed from the lounge the chair had done no harm to the lounge carpet. The only permanent marks on the carpet were due to the weight of the desk drawer’s castors pressing into it. I hadn’t taken any action to prevent that. Looking back I could have made a much larger mat which fitted under the desk and had those desk drawers resting on it too. they would probably have held the mat in position with their weight and by that design the hardboard would not have got chewed up. The downside would have been the need for more carpet since my existing offcut was not large enough to cover a larger area of hardboard.